Dirac magnons in honeycomb ferromagnets – S. S. Pershoguba, A. V. Balatsky, et al. (2018)


The discovery of the Dirac electron dispersion in graphene led to the question of the Dirac cone stability with respect to interactions. Coulomb interactions between electrons were shown to induce a logarithmic renormalization of the Dirac dispersion. With a rapid expansion of the list of compounds and quasiparticle bands with linear band touching, the concept of bosonic Dirac materials has emerged. We consider a specific case of ferromagnets consisting of the Van der Waals-bonded stacks of honeycomb layers, e.g chromium trihalides CrX3 (X = F, Cl, Br and I), that display two spin wave modes with energy dispersion similar to that for the electrons in graphene. At the single particle level, these materials resemble their fermionic counterparts. However, how different particle statistics and interactions affect the stability of Dirac cones has yet to be determined. To address the role of interacting Dirac magnons, we expand the theory of ferromagnets beyond the standard Dyson theory to a case of non-Bravais honeycomb layers. We demonstrate that magnon-magnon interactions lead to a significant momentum-dependent renormalization of the bare band structure in addition to strongly momentum-dependent magnon lifetimes. We show that our theory qualitatively accounts for hitherto unexplained anomalies in a nearly half century old magnetic neutron scattering data for CrBr3. We also show that honeycomb ferromagnets display dispersive surface and edge states, unlike their electronic analogs.


Physical Review B