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Seminar – Prof. Philip Phillips – University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

April 13 @ 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Beyond BCS: An Exact Model for Superconductivity and Mottness

High-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates remains an unsolved problem because the cuprates start off their lives as Mott insulators in which no organizing principle such a Fermi surface can be invoked to treat  the electron interactions.  Consequently, it would be advantageous to solve even a toy model that exhibits both Mottness and superconductivity.  Part of the problem is that the basic model for a Mott insulator, namely the Hubbard model is unsolvable in any dimension we really care about.  To address this problem, I will start by focusing on the overlooked Z_2 emergent symmetry of a Fermi surface first noted by Anderson and Haldane. Noting that Mott insulators break this emergent symmetry, I show that the simplest model that suffices to describe Mottness is the Hatsugai-Kohmoto model. This model will then be solved exactly to reveal how superconductivity emerges in a doped Mott insulator, thereby forming a new paradigm for superconductivity in the copper-oxide superconductors.

[1] P. Phillips, L. Yeo, E. Huang, Nature Physics, 16, 1175-1180 (2020).


April 13
4:00 pm - 5:00 pm
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