Odd-frequency Berezinskii superconductivity in Dirac semimetals – P. O. Sukhachov, V. Juricic, A. V. Balatsky (2019)


We formulate a general framework for addressing both odd- and even-frequency superconductivity in Dirac semimetals and demonstrate that the odd-frequency or the Berezinskii pairing can naturally appear in these materials because of the chirality degree of freedom. We show that repulsive frequency-dependent interactions favor the Berezinskii pairing while an attractive electron-electron interaction allows for the BCS pairing. In the case of compensated Dirac and Weyl semimetals, both the conventional BCS and odd-frequency Berezinskii pairings require critical coupling. Since these pairings could originate from physically different mechanisms, our findings pave the way for controlling the realization of the Berezinskii superconductivity in topological semimetals. We also present the density of states with several cusp-like features that can serve as an experimentally verifiable signature of the odd-frequency gap.


Physical Review B